martes, 17 de mayo de 2016



Within Literature there are different types of genres. Some of them are fiction, poetry, drama, nonfiction and media, each one with its own characteristics.

 A good fiction has a stirring plot, a vivid setting, compelling characters and also themes or messages about life. It may be inspired by real events and people, and build a story around them. There are three different forms of fiction, short stories, novels and novellas. In the case of a short story, it often focuses on a single event or incident. A novel is a longer one and has many different events, storylines and characters. Finally, novellas are longer than a short story but shorter than a novel, and feature a limited number of characters.

 Poems are made up of lines arranged into groups or stanzas whereas sounds and language are just important as form. Poets search for the perfect words and then arrange them in such a way that they provoke specific effects. Other common characteristics are rhythm and rhymes.

A drama is any work that is written to be performed on a stage.  It is primarily written as dialogue between characters, where the author describes the setting, character´s movements and props as stage directions. However, a great deal is left to the imagination of the director, the actors and readers. A drama has all the elements of good fiction-plot, characters, setting and theme, but it is usually divided into scenes grouped into acts.

In nonfiction, the events actually happened, and the characters are real people. Biographies and true-life adventures are good examples of this. Informational - nonfiction, however, is nothing like fiction. It includes texts such as news articles and sources that you consult for information.

Media messages influence people´s belief and opinions, that´s why it´s important to interpret all their messages. They include feature films, news media, TV shows, advertising and web sites for all kind of audience. 

martes, 10 de mayo de 2016

ENTRY N° 5. How miscommunication happens (and how to avoid it) - Katherine Hampsten

Portfolio n° 5.

 Summary of Miscommunication video.

The human communication is incredibly complex. Even in a conversation between friends, face to face, in the same place and speaking the same language, the misunderstandings may happen. So, what can we do to avoid it?
 According to the researchers, the first step is to understand what happens when we communicate. In order to do this, they have developed two models. The Transmission model, which views communication as a message that moves directly from one person to another and the Transactional model that considers communication as a game of catch. The way as people throw the ball each other is the way they speak. If one of them throws the ball in a rude way, probably the other one does the same…or not. It all depends from their family background, experience, age, culture and religion.
The researchers also advice some points to take into account: 1) Recognize that an active hearing and an active listening are not the same. 2)  Listen with your eyes and ears as well as with your instinct; communication is more than merely words. 3)To be open to what other person might say. 4) To be aware of your own personality. Elements of your experience influence on how you see the world. Don´t think that you have the absolute truth.